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Atelier de Construction d'Issy-les-Moulineaux
AMX-13
Design of the AMX-13 began shortly after the end of World War II where it was intended as a fire support platform for airborne units, but ultimately became the standard light tank for the French Army. The AMX-13 was unique due to its incorporation of an oscillating turret as well as an automatic loader which kept crew size to just three. Initial versions of the AMX-13 were fitted with a 75-mm gun, but this was later up-gunned into 90-mm and 105-mm versions, the latter case mostly for export. Among the tank's drawbacks, however, was that the small size of the oscillating turret forced a height limit among crew members, and also limited the amount of ammunition readily available to just 12 rounds, thus requiring the crew to physically dismount and reload. Due to its low cost and reliability, the AMX-13 was successful on the export market, being operated by as many as 30 different countries and seeing frequent action during the Arab-Israeli and Indo-Pakistani wars. Its chassis was also the base for a plethora of other platforms, notably the VCI IFV as well as self-propelled howitzers.

The original Modèle 51 (AMX-13/75) was fitted with a 75-mm gun in an FL-10 turret. This was later revised to feature a more powerful 90-mm F3 gun in the Modèle 52 (AMX-13/90). An export version is known as the Modèle 58 (AMX-13/105) with a 105-mm gun mounted on a FL-12 turret, capable of firing the same ammunition as the AMX-30 MBT. Some were fitted with a FL-15 turret with extra optical equipment and periscopes. The last major French variant was the Modèle 1987, with additional armor, mobility and firepower improvements as well as a revised hull, a hydropneumatic suspension replacing the previous torsion bars, and a diesel engine. Private upgrade options are also offered. Other variants include 105-mm and 155-mm self-propelled howitzers, the AMX-VTT and AMX-VCI APCs, as well as anti-aircraft and anti-tank missile platforms, armored recovery vehicles and bridgelayers. Export customers have performed numerous local modifications as well, most notably the Singaporean AMX-13 SM1 with new engine, transmission, electrical system and suspension which give it faster speed and greater range.

AMX-13
Datafile
DesignAMX-13
Name-
Code Name-
TypeLight Tank
Year1966
Crew3
90-mm
Modèle F3
Rifled
Traverse360°
Elevation-5° / 12.5°
Penetration200 mm @ 2 km
Rounds32
1 x 7.5/7.62-mm (c)
1 x 7.5/7.62-mm*
Length Overall6.36 m
Length4.88 m
Width2.51 m
Height2.30 m
Loaded15,000 kg
Ground Pressure0.76 kg/cm²
Power/Weight16.67 hp/t
SuspensionTorsion bar
Engine1 x 250hp
Sofam
Model 8Gxb
FuelGasoline (V8)
Range350-400 km
Speed60 km/h
AmphibiousNo
Fording0.60 m
Vertical Obstacle0.65 m
Trench1.60 m
Gradient60%
ArmorSteel
Thickness0 - 25 mm
Max Effective26 - 35 mm RHAe
Hull Upper Front15 mm / 55°
Hull Upper Sides20 mm
Hull Rear15 mm
Turret Front25 mm / 45°
Turret Sides25 mm
Turret Top10 mm
Production?
Total7,700
Gallery