Sea Weapons

Battleship

New Mexico

Third in the Standard-type battleship designs, the New Mexico-class followed the pattern of incremental improvements over the previous class. The New Mexico ships had the characteristic twin cage masts and single funnels of pre-Treaty US battleships. Armament was composed of twelve 14-in guns arranged in four triple turrets: these were of a longer caliber than their predecessors but retained the limited 15 degree elevation. Secondary armament consisted of 5-in/50 guns but some of these were arranged along the bow and stern which proved to be extremely wet in rough weather. As was the case with most US battleships, they were afforded relatively good protection at the expense of speed (just 21 knots) and this was improved during their modernization in the 1930s in which torpedo bulges were installed. The modernizations also gave the ships new powerplants (the USS New Mexico had been originally installed with an experimental turbo-electric propulsion but this was removed) and a completely redesigned superstructure that eliminated the cage masts and added more sophisticated fire-control systems. Two of the three ships of the class were commissioned before the end of World War I but did not see action. Operating as Battleship Division 3, the three ships were in the Atlantic during the attack on Pearl Harbor, thereby escaping damage, and were soon sent to the theater in order to bolster the battle fleet. They all served with distinction in the island hopping campaigns across the Pacific and were scrapped after the war.

The three ships of the class, the USS New Mexico, USS Mississippi, and USS Idaho were all on neutrality patrol in the Atlantic when the Japanese struck Pearl Harbor, and they sailed immediately to the Pacific afterwards. They were used for fire support and convoy escorts and participated in many of the island hopping battles from 1943 onward. Late in the war, the USS New Mexico and USS Idaho received multiple kamikaze hits. The USS Mississippi was present as part of Adm. Oldendorf's battle fleet in the Surigao Staight where it contributed to the sinking of the Japanese battleship Yamashiro, firing history's last battleship versus battleship salvos. It was retained for about a decade after the war as a weapons testing ship.

USS New Mexico (BB-40)
New Mexico-class (1919)
USS Mississippi (1944)

Preceded by:

Pennsylvania (1916)

Succeeded by:

Tennessee (1920)

Datafile

ClassNew MexicoNew Mexico (BB-40)
TypeBattleshipBattleship
Year19171918
Crew1,0841,084
Dimensions
Length182.9 m (pp)
190.2 m
182.9 m (pp)
190.2 m
Beam29.7 m29.7 m
Draught9.1 m9.1 m
Displacement
Empty32,000 t32,000 t
Loaded33,000 t33,000 t
Performance
Speed39 km/h39 km/h
Range14,816 km @ 19 km/h
14,816 km @ 19 km/h
Machinery
Shafts44
Turbines2 x Geared steam
32,000 hp
Curtis/Parsons
2 x Turbo-electric
27,000 hp
General Electric
Boilers9 x Babcock & Wilcox9 x Babcock & Wilcox
FuelOil: 3,270 tOil: 3,270 t
Armament
Main12 x 356-mm/50 (4 x 3)
14"/50 Mk. 7
-5° / +30°

12 x 356-mm/50 (4 x 3)
14"/50 Mk. 7
-5° / +30°

Secondary14 x 127-mm/51 (14 x 1)
5"/51 Mk. 7
-8.5° / +25°

14 x 127-mm/51 (14 x 1)
5"/51 Mk. 7
-8.5° / +25°

Anti-Aircraft4 x 76-mm (4 x 1)
3"/50 Mk. 10-21
4 x 76-mm (4 x 1)
3"/50 Mk. 10-21
Torpedo tubes2x1 x (21-in)
2x1 x (21-in)
Broadside8,165 kg8,165 kg
Armor
Belt203 - 343 mm203 - 343 mm
Bulkhead203 - 330 mm203 - 330 mm
Deck89 mm89 mm
Barbettes330 mm330 mm
Gun turret127 - 457 mm127 - 457 mm
Conning tower203 - 406 mm203 - 406 mm
Production
Built21
Total3

Registry

Ship Code Builder Laid Launch Comm Decomm Fate
New Mexico BB-40 New York N Yd14/10/1513/04/1720/05/1819/07/46Sold/Scrapped
Mississippi BB-41 Newport News SB05/04/1525/01/1718/12/1717/09/56Sold/Scrapped
Idaho BB-42 New York SB20/01/1530/06/1724/03/1903/07/46Sold/Scrapped

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