Land Weapons

Komatsu

Type 87 ARV

The Type 87 is a reconnaissance and patrol 6 x 6 that is based on the earlier Type 82 command and communications vehicle. Built by Komatsu, rather than Mitsubishi, it features a redesigned hull that provides protection from small arms and shrapnel but otherwise shares the same automotive components as the Type 82 including the same Isuzu engine, coil spring suspension and transmission. The Type 87 is easily distinguished by its two-man turret, which is located at the center of the hull and has a 25-mm Oerlikon Contraves KBA autocannon (license-built in Japan) with a co-axial machine gun, giving it some degree of firepower against potential threats. Another physical difference with the Type 82 is the flat rear hull, in contrast with the raised hull which housed the latter's crew compartment and communications equipment. Despite these difference, both vehicles share nearly identical performance characteristics. Both Type 82 and Type 87s are in widespread service with the JGSDF, being the main vehicles of their type, and the only major wheeled AFVs aside from the Type 96.

A requirement for a reconnaissance vehicle led to two prototypes, a 4 x 4 proposal from Komatsu and a 6 x 6 design by Mitsubishi which was selected. Development then focused on two separate roles, first as a command and communications vehicle which was to be the Type 82 built by Mitsubishi and a reconnaissance vehicle that became the Type 87, built by Komatsu. Around 80% of components are shared between the two.

Type 87 ARV (JGSDF)

Preceded by:

None

Succeeded by:

None

Datafile

DesignType 82Type 87
Type
Year19871987
Crew85
Dimensions
Length (w/Gun)5.72 m5.99 m
Width2.48 m2.48 m
Height2.37 m2.80 m
Weight
Loaded13,500 kg15,000 kg
SuspensionCoil springsCoil springs
Performance
Speed (Off-Road)100 km/h100 km/h
Range (Off-Road)500 km500 km
AmphibiousNoNo
Fording1 m1 m
Vertical Obstacle0.60 m0.60 m
Trench1.50 m1.50 m
Gradient60%60%
Powerplant
Engine1 x 305-hp
Isuzu
10PBI
1 x 305-hp
Isuzu
10PBI
FuelDieselDiesel
Power/Weight22.59 hp/t20.33 hp/t
Armament
MainNone1 x 25-mm
OTO Melara KBA 25/80
Autocannon (?)
↑ ? / ↓ ? / ↔ 360°

Secondary1 x 7.62-mm (c)
1 x 12.7-mm
1 x 7.62-mm (c)
Armor
TypeSteelSteel
Thickness--
Max Effective--
Production
Built229102
Total331