Land Weapons

Kurganmashzavod

BMP-3

Whereas the BMP-2 was a direct descendant of the BMP-1, the BMP-3 is a radically different design and is by far the most powerfully armed IFV in the world. The most prominent new addition is the 100-mm 2A48-1 smoothbore gun, the largest such gun fitted on an IFV and which is also capable of firing the AT-10 anti-tank missile. Furthermore, secondary armament includes a 30-mm 2A72 coaxial autocannon and all weapons are capable of being fired while on the move. The BMP-3 also features an unconventional crew layout due to the fact that the engine is located in the rear of the hull, rather than forward. Two infantrymen are therefore seated next to the driver while the remaining five in a troop compartment above the engine (five firing ports are provided). As is the case with the rest of the BMP series, amphibious capability is retained through two water jets fitted at the rear of the hull, and there is NBC protection for the crew as well. Optional equipment include explosive reactive armor (ERA), as well as an electro-optical jamming system. Aside from Russian service, the BMP-3 has had numerous export orders, mainly to Azerbaijan, Kuwait, South Korea, the UAE, and Venezuela. It has also been offered to India.

The initial production version BMP-3 entered service in 1987 and has been followed up with an upgraded variant, the BMP-3M with a new turret (including upgraded fire control and sights) and engine. It also can be equipped with a wide array of weaponry and fitted with ERA blocks or additional armor protection. A naval infantry version is known as the BMMP but has the BMP-2’s turret, while the more capable BMP-3F features significantly improved amphibious capability. Other variants include the BREM-L armored recovery vehicle, 2S31 Vena 120-mm mortar system and a pair of anti-tank missile platforms designated BMP-3 Kornet (firing the AT-14 missile) and BMP-3 Krizantema (AT-15).

BMP-3

Preceded by:

BMP-2 (1980)

Succeeded by:

None

Datafile

DesignBMP-3
TypeIFV
Year1987
Crew3 + 7
Dimensions
Length (w/Gun)6.72 m (7.14 m)
Width3.15 m
Height2.30 m
Weight
Loaded18,700 kg
Ground Pressure0.61 kg/cm²
SuspensionTorsion bar
Performance
Speed (Off-Road)70 km/h (50 km/h)
Range (Off-Road)600 km
AmphibiousYes (10 km/h)
Vertical Obstacle0.80 m
Trench2.50 m
Gradient60%
Powerplant
Engine1 x 500-hp
UTD-29M
FuelDiesel
Power/Weight26.74 hp/t
Armament
Main1 x 100-mm
2A70
Rifled Gun (40)
↑ 60° / ↓ -6° / ↔ 360°

Secondary1 x 30-mm (c)
1 x 7.62-mm (c)
2 x 7.62-mm
Armor
TypeSteel
Thickness30 - 35 mm
Max Effective30 - 35 mm RHAe
Production
Built?
Total1,500

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