Land Weapons

Renault

AMC 35

The AMC 35 was one of a trio of light tank designs offered by Renault during the early 1930s. Unique among French tanks was the fact that the AMC 35 featured a two-man turret, as opposed to the one-man turrets that were most common among its contemporaries. Armament was powerful for pre-war standards, consisting of a 47-mm SA 35 gun (or a long-barreled 25-mm SARF anti-tank gun in some units), but armor protection was inferior to other French light tank designs like the R-35 and H-35, and the riveted hull was more vulnerable than the cast hulls of the latter designs. This offset the advantage it had over other French tanks by virtue of its two-man turret which made coordination among the crew easier. The result was that the AMC 35 was produced in small numbers of which a dozen were sent before the war to Belgium. Combat service was limited, the few existing units being rushed to the front with little effect on the outcome.

The Auto-Mitrailleuse de Combat requirement for the cavalry issued in 1931 resulted in an initial prototype armed with a 37-mm gun, followed by the AMC 34 YR with a 25-mm SARF gun. This was essentially a pre-production design before the definitive AMC 35 (also known by its factory designation ACG-1) was developed with a 47-mm SA 35 gun. Captured German units were known as th e PzKpfw AMC 738(f).

AMC 35

Preceded by:

AMR 33/35 (1934)

Succeeded by:

R35/R40 (1936)

Datafile

DesignAMC 35
TypeMedium Tank
Year1939
Crew3
Dimensions
Length (w/Gun)4.55 m
Width2.20 m
Height2.30 m
Weight
Loaded14,500 kg
SuspensionScissors
Performance
Speed (Off-Road)42 km/h
Range (Off-Road)160 km
AmphibiousNo
Powerplant
Engine1 x 180-hp
Renault
Fuel-
Power/Weight12.41 hp/t
Armament
Main1 x 47-mm L/32
47mm SA 35
Rifled Gun (120)
↑ 18° / ↓ -18° / ↔ 360°

Secondary1 x 7.5mm
MAC 31 (5,250)
Coaxial

Armor
TypeSteel
Thickness5 - 25 mm
Max Effective5 - 25 mm RHAe
Production
Built47
Total59

Gallery