Air Weapons

Tachikawa

Ki-36 'Ida'

The Tachikawa Ki-36 'Ida' was a relatively unknown army co-operation monoplane which was produced in large numbers and featured prominently in many of the earlier campaigns in the Pacific. Its principal feature was the ability to operate from rough airsprits close to or even behind the battle lines, it also had excellent pilot and observer visibility which was aided by swept back leading edges of the wings and the inclusion of windows under the wing center sections. Ki-36s were immediately deployed to China where it was considerably successful but they found greater difficulties in the face of heavier fighter opposition after the outbreak of the Pacific War. It was eventually developed into an advanced trainer and also operated by the puppet states of Cochin China, Manchukuo and Thailand with some abandoned examples being used by Indonesia post-war.

The Ki-36 was born out of a 1937 Army requirement and the prototype performed its maiden flight on 20 April 1938. There was no other major version of this aircraft aside from the Ki-55 advanced trainer, also code named 'Ida' by the Allies, which included a number of weight-reduction features such as removal of the rear gun and wheel spats.

Preceded by:

None

Succeeded by:

None

Datafile

DesignKi-36
Code NameIda
TypeClose Support
Year1938
Crew2
Dimensions
Length8.00 m
Height3.64 m
Wing Span11.80 m
Wing Area20 m²
Weight
Empty1,247 kg
Maximum1,660 kg
Wing Loading83 kg/m²
Performance
Speed347 km/h
Ceiling8,200 m
Range1,060 km
Powerplant
Engine1 x Ha-13a
Hitachi
380 kW
Thrust/Weight0.37
Armament
Guns2 x 7.7-mm
Payload150 kg
Production
Built1,334
Total2,723