Land Weapons

LT vz. 38

The LT vz. 38 (or LT-38) was the second of the two Czech tank designs that were eventually adopted by the German Army after the invason and annexation of Czechoslovakia in 1939, (when it was renamed PzKpfw 38(t)). The LT vz. 38 was armed with a longer-barreled 37-mm gun, the ÚV vz. 38, which in German service was known as the KwK 38(t). Armor was initially light, but was upgraded in later marks by riveting 25mm armor plates on the frontal surfaces. A loader was also added in German units to reduce the workload for the commander, but this came at the cost of fewer ammunition rounds. Suspension was of a semi-eliptical leaf spring type with four large roadwheels and a large drive spocket but with no return rollers. In contrast to the LT vz. 35, the LT vz. 38 was renowned for its mechanical reliability and because of this, it was later adapted for various uses with the Wehrmacht, serving as the chassis for the Marder III and Hetzer tank destroyers among other ad hoc conversions (which are described separately). It was employed from the start of the war and had an important role in the early blitzkrieg campaigns being superior to the the Panzer I and IIs that formed the bulk of the Wehrmacht's panzer forces during 1939-40; its gun even had slightly superior penetration power than that of early Panzer III models. It's success enabled it to remain in production until 1942 by which time it was mostly employed for reconnaissance and other support duties. Aside from German and Czech service, the LT vz. 38/PzKpfw 38(t) was used by numerous other Axis allies as well as Iran, Peru, Switzerland and Sweden, the latter which license-built it.

Origins of the tanks lay in the LT vz. 34 (also designated LTLH or TNHB) developed in the early 1930s for export. It was then selected after trials in 1937 for Czech Army service where it was known as the Lehký tank vzor 38 or LT vz. 38. After the annexation of Czechoslovakia, the German Army took over existing stocks but it remained in production where it was known as the Panzer 38(t) (SdKfz 140). Other export versions included the LTP to Peru, LTH to Switzerland, and LTL to Lithuania. Swedish license-built units were known as the Strv m/41 although the license was granted after Germany had taken over production.

LT vz. 38

Preceded by:

LT vz. 35 (1936)


Panzer 38(t) (1938)

Succeeded by:



DesignLT vz 38
TypeMedium Tank
Length (w/Gun)4.60 m
Width2.12 m
Height2.40 m
Loaded9,400 kg
Ground Pressure0.61 kg/cm²
SuspensionLeaf springs
Speed (Off-Road)42 km/h (15 km/h)
Range (Off-Road)250 km (165 km)
Fording0.90 m
Vertical Obstacle0.79 m
Trench1.88 m
Engine1 x 125-hp
Power/Weight13.30 hp/t
Main1 x 37-mm L/47.8
3.7cm ÚV vz. 38
Rifled Gun (72)
↑ 25° / ↓ -10° / ↔ 360°

Secondary1 x 7.92-mm (c)
1 x 7.92-mm (b)
Thickness8 - 25 mm
Max Effective25 - 26 mm RHAe
Hull Upper Front25 mm / 17°
Hull Upper Sides15 mm
Hull Lower Rear15 mm
Hull Top10 mm / 60°
Hull Bottom8 mm
Turret Mantlet25 mm / Round
Turret Front25 mm / 10°
Turret Sides15 mm / 10°
Turret Rear22 mm / 10°
Turret Top10 mm