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EE-9 Cascavel - Weapons - The World Wars.net
Land Weapons

ENGESA

EE-9 Cascavel

Developed simultaneously with the EE-11, the EE-9 Cascavel (rattlesnake) has numerous shared components with its APC counterpart but is a dedicated reconnaissance armored car. The EE-9 is of all-welded construction with protection against small arms as well as extra protetion against other close range weapons like grenades and Molotov cocktails. Layout is conventional with the driver on the left and the engine at the rear. Like the EE-11, the EE-9 features different engine configurations depending on the variant, and also uses ENGESA's proprietary 'Boomerang' suspension which consists of a rigid axle and two lateral walking beams. Armament varies, with initial vehicles using leftover turrets from M3 Stuart tanks, followed by a Hispano-Suiza turret and finally, an ENGESA ET-90 turret armed with a locally-built 90-mm Cockerill gun; secondary armament consists of either 12.7-mm or 7.62-mm machine guns. The EE-9 became another export success, serving not only with the Brazilian Army and Marines but with nearly two dozen other countries, mostly in Latin America, Africa, and the Middle East of which the main users were Colombia, Cyprus, Iraq, and Libya. Libyan units saw action against Egypt and Chad, while Iraqi vehicles saw combat during the Iran-Iraq war. Zimbabwean vehicles were also used in Mozambique and Congo.

The first prototype of the EE-9 was produced in 1970, around the same time as the EE-11. There are seven major variants which are mostly distinguished by their engine configurations: the Mk II, Mk III Mk V, and Mk VI being equipped with Mercedes-Benz diesels, and the Mk IV with a Detroit Diesel engine (the Mk 1 was never produced). Variants also differ in terms of their transmission as well as their central tire-regulation system which is onyl avialable in some versions.

Preceded by:

None

Related:

EE-11 Urutu (1974)

Succeeded by:

None

Datafile

DesignEE-9 Mk IIIEE-9 Mk IV
NameCascavelCascavel
TypeArmored CarArmored Car
Year19741977
Crew33
Dimensions
Length (w/Gun)5.18 m (6.00 m)5.20 m (6.20 m)
Width2.44 m2.64 m
Height2.33 m2.68 m
Weight
Empty10,000 kg10,900 kg
Loaded10,750 kg13,400 kg
SuspensionBoomerangBoomerang
Performance
Speed (Off-Road)100 km/h100 km/h
Range (Off-Road)880 km880 km
AmphibiousNoNo
Fording1 m1 m
Vertical Obstacle0.60 m0.60 m
Trench1.50 m1.50 m
Gradient60%60%
Powerplant
Engine1 x 172-hp
Mercedez-Benz
OM-352-A
1 x 212-hp
Detroit Diesel
6V-53N
FuelDiesel: 260 LDiesel: 390 L
Power/Weight16.00 hp/t15.82 hp/t
Armament
Main1 x 90-mm L/33
CN-90 F1
Smoothbore Gun (20)
↑ 15° / ↓ -8° / ↔ 360°

1 x 90-mm L/28
EC-90-III
Smoothbore Gun (44)
↑ 15° / ↓ -8° / ↔ 360°

Secondary1 x 7.62-mm
2400 ()
1 x 7.62-mm
1 x 7.62-mm
Armor
TypeSteelSteel
Thickness6 - 12 mm9 - 16 mm
Max Effective6 - 12 mm RHAe9 - 16 mm RHAe
Production
Built??
Total1,715

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