Air Weapons

Saab

Saab JAS 39 Gripen

Not to be left behind by other modern European aircraft like the Rafale and the Eurofighter, the Saab 39 Gripen (Griffin) is Sweden's latest entry in the multi-role fighter category, destined to replace the ageing Viggens still in service. Like its aforementioned contemporaries, the JAS 39 is a cropped-delta wing single-seat fighter with canard foreplanes and heavy use of composite materials in the fuselage. It is controlled by a digital fly-by-wire system and has a modern cockpit featuring a HUD and three LCD displays while its avionics suite includes a multi-mode pulse-Doppler radar, FLIR, ECM, and advanced nav/com systems. Widely flaunted as the world's first next generation fighter, the JAS 39's advanced design and cheap operation will likely make it an excellent candidate for export in spite of grueling competition by other similar aircraft such as the F-16, Rafale and Su-27 in the international marketplace. However, with the assistance of the UK's BAE Systems, export versions will be updated to NATO weaponry standards; customers so far have been the Czech Republic, Hungary and South Africa.

The first flight of the prototype JAS 39A was on 9 December 1988, this same designation is applied to the initial single-seat production variants. A two-seat trainer is known as the JAS 39B. Further improvements involve making new build and upgrading existing aircraft to JAS 39C (single-seat) and JAS 39D (trainer) standards which would feature, among other things, a helmet mounted sight, phased-array radar and IRST.

Preceded by:

None

Succeeded by:

None

Datafile

DesignJAS 39AJAS 39CJAS 39E
NameGripenGripenGripen
TypeMulti-Role FighterMulti-Role FighterMulti-Role Fighter
Year199720072019
Crew111
Dimensions
Length14.10 m14.10 m15.20 m
Height4.50 m4.50 m4.50 m
Wing Span8.40 m8.40 m8.60 m
Wing Area30 m²30 m²31 m²
Weight
Empty6,600 kg6,800 kg8,000 kg
Maximum13,000 kg14,000 kg16,500 kg
Wing Loading433.3 kg/m²466.7 kg/m²532.3 kg/m²
Performance
SpeedMach 2.0Mach 2.0Mach 2.0
Speed S/L??Mach 1.1
Ceiling15,000 m15,240 m16,000 m
Range3,000 km3,200 km4,000 km
Powerplant
Engine1 x RM12
Volvo Aero
5,500 / 8,210 (+) kgf
1 x RM12
Volvo Aero
5,500 / 8,210 (+) kgf
1 x F414-GE-39E
General Electric
6,532 / 9,979 (+) kgf
Fuel Load2,270 kg2,270 kg3,400 kg
Thrust/Weight0.760.740.74
Sensors
RadarPS-05/A
PS-05/A
ES-05
IRST--Skyward-G
Armament
Guns1 x 27-mm
BK-27 (120)
1 x 27-mm
BK-27 (120)
1 x 27-mm
BK-27 (120)
Payload4,500 kg5,300 kg6,000 kg
Hardpoints779
AA WeaponsAIM-9
AIM-120
MICA
A-Darter
AIM-9
AIM-120
Derby
IRIS-T
Meteor
MICA
Python 4/5
R-Darter
Sky Flash
A-Darter
AIM-9
AIM-120
AIM-132
Derby
IRIS-T
Meteor
MICA
Python 4/5
R-Darter
AS WeaponsAGM-65
DWS-39
GBU-10/12/16
GBU-22/24
Mk. 82/83/84
RBS-15
AGM-65
AGM-154
BK-90
Brimstone
GBU-10/12/16
GBU-31/32/38
GBU-22/24
GBU-39
KEPD 350
Lizard II/III
Mk. 82/83/84
RBS-15
Spice
AGM-65
AGM-154
BK-90
Brimstone
GBU-10/12/16
GBU-31/32/38
GBU-22/24
GBU-39
GBU-49
KEPD 350
Lizard II/III
Mk. 82/83/84
RBS-15
RBS-15F
Spice
Production
Built176??
Total204