Air Weapons

CASA

C-101 Aviojet

The CASA C-101 Aviojet is a Spanish advanced trainer with light attack capability in the same category of other designs like the Hawk and Alpha Jet. It was designed with technical assistance from Northrop and MBB and is characterized by a conventional trainer configuration which has the novel feature of incorporating an internal weapons bay in addition to external stores; this bay can also store additional equipment such as reconnaissance cameras, ECM jammers, or laser designators. Initial Aviojet trainer versions were eventually complemented by dedicated attack variants most of which were geared for export to countries like Honduras, Jordan, and Chile (most of them partially built and assembled locally by ENAER). Besides their trainer and attack variants, the Aviojet is also famous for being used by the Spanish acrobatics team, the Patrulla Águila.

First flight of the original C-101EB trainer, known as the E.25 Mirlo (Blackbird) in Spanish service, took place on 27 June 1977 entering service at the turn of the decade. It was followed by the C-101BB combat-capable trainer export version sent to Honduras and Chile (produced locally and designated T-36 Halcón) and later the C-101CC dedicated light attack version for Jordan and Chile (also locally-built as the A-36). An enhanced variant with uprated engines, HUD, and new avionics and weapons was the C-101DD but has yet to obtain orders.

Preceded by:

None

Succeeded by:

None

Datafile

DesignC-101CC
NameAviojet
TypeClose Support
Year1983
Crew2
Dimensions
Length12.50 m
Height4.25 m
Wing Span10.60 m
Wing Area20 m²
Weight
Empty3,340 kg
Maximum6,300 kg
Wing Loading315 kg/m²
Performance
Speed770 km/h
Ceiling12,800 m
Range3,706 km
Powerplant
Engine1 x TFE731-5-1J
Garrett
1,950 kgf
Thrust/Weight0.53
Armament
Guns1 x 30-mm
Payload2,250 kg
Hardpoints6
Production
Built20
Total145