Civilian Production of Major Powers

 

Coal
  1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945
Germany 240.3 267.7 315.5 317.9 340.4 347.6 -
Japan 52.4 57.3 55.6 54.1 55.5 49.3 -
U.K. 235.0 227.8 209.6 208.2 202.1 195.8 185.6
U.S.A. 358.2 418.0 466.4 528.6 535.4 562.1 524.0
U.S.S.R. 146.2 165.9 151.4 75.5 93.1 121.5 149.3

 

Steel
  1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945
Germany 23.7 21.5 28.2 28.7 30.6 25.8 1.4
Japan 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.6 4.3 -
U.K. 13.4 13.1 12.5 12.9 13.2 12.3 12.0
U.S.A. 42.7 54.2 67.0 69.7 71.9 73.3 64.5
U.S.S.R. 17.6 18.3 17.9 8.1 8.5 10.9 12.3

 

Aluminum
  1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945
Germany 199.4 211.2 233.6 264.0 250.0 245.3 1.3
Japan 29.5 40.8 71.7 103.0 141.0 110.3 7.0
U.K. 25.3 19.2 23.0 47.4 56.5 36.0 32.4
U.S.A. 148.3 187.2 280.4 472.7 834.8 704.3 450.4
U.S.S.R. - - - 51.7 62.3 82.7 86.3

 

Oil
  1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945
Germany 3.6 4.8 5.7 6.6 7.6 5.5 -
Japan 2.3 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.6 0.8
U.K. 5.3 6.7 8.0 9.7 10.6 10.7 10.1
U.S.A. 172.5 184.6 191.3 189.1 205.4 228.9 233.7
U.S.S.R. 30.3 31.1 33.0 22.0 18.0 18.2 19.4

 

Notes:

(1) Original data converted from long tons (U.K.) and short tons (U.S.A.) into metric tons (millions). U.S.A. oil production converted from millions of barrels into millions of metric tons. All others unchanged.

(2) German and Japanese oil production includes synthetic oil.

Source: I.C.B. Dear & M.R.D. Foot, The Oxford Companion to World War II.