Soviet Force Deployments, 1985

 

Theaters (TVDs)
  Western Northwestern Southwestern Southern Far Eastern Central Reserve
HQ Legnica Leningrad Vinnitsa Tashkent Irkutsk Moscow
             
ICBMs 50 - 180 - 380 858
IRBM/MRBMs 282 - 54 - 207 27
Bombers 150 - 140 60 150 360
             
Fronts 5 1 4 1-2 4 -
Armies 13-14 2 5 9 12 -
Divisions 62 10 26 30 53 -
- Tank 31 - 9 1 7 3
- Motor Rifle 29 9 16 28 45 14
- Airborne 2 1 1 1 1 1
- Artillery 6 1 3 2 4 -
             
Main Battle Tanks 13,000 2,400 2,400 5,500 14,500 4,500
Artillery 7,900 2,100 3,260 6,300 10,300 2,630
SSMs 513 98 185 170 363 115
SAMs - 2,220 500 1,600 1,100 -
             
Air Defense - 270 - - - 450
Tactical Aircraft 1,860 175 525 420 1460 150
Helicopters 1,160 415 185 160 500 50

 

Fleets
  Northern Baltic Black Sea Pacific
HQ Severomorsk Kaliningrad Sevastopol Vladivostok
         
SSBNs 39 6 - 30
- SLBMs 576 18 - 385
         
Attack Submarines 116 26 30 88
         
Principal Combatants 81 45 78 85
- Aircraft Carriers 1 - 1 2
- Helicopter Carriers - - 2 -
- Cruisers 13 3 9 14
- Destroyers 20 11 21 17
- Frigates 17 14 15 22
- Corvettes 30 17 30 30
         
Minor Combatants 110 230 160 200
Amphibious 13 25 21 19
Auxiliaries 87 50 53 98
         
Bombers 50 35 100 160
Tactical Aircraft 20 30 65 26
ASW Aircraft/Helos 150 50 90 151
         
Naval Infantry 1 bde 1 bde 1 bde 2 regt

 

Notes:

(1) Mediterranean Squadron includes elements of Northern and Black Sea Fleets; average composition: Submarines (8-10), Principal Combatants (8), Amphibious (2), MCMV (1), Auxiliaries (17-25).

(2) Caspian Flotilla (HQ Baku): Corvettes (5), Minor Combatants (20), Auxiliaries (7).

(3) Indian Ocean detachment: Submarines (2-3), Principal Combatants (8), Amphibious (2), Auxiliaries (12).

(4) Group of Soviet Forces Germany (HQ Zossen-Wünsdorf): Army HQs (5), Tank (10 divs), Motor Rifle (9 divs), Artillery (1 div, 5 bdes), Air Assault (1 bde), Attack Helicopter (5 regts)

(5) Ground Forces in Afghanistan (HQ Kabul): 1 Army HQ, Motor Rifle (3 divs, 2 bdes), Airbone (1 div), Air Assault (1 bde).

(6) Division totals exclude artillery divs.

Source: Adapted from IISS, The Military Balance 1985-1986.