Balance of Military Forces, 1991

 

General
  U.S.A. U.K. France Germany U.S.S.R. China
Total Armed Forces 2,029,600   453,100 476,300    
Reserves (1,721,700)   (419,000) (1,009,400)    
             
Population (m) 250.3   56.7 76.9    
- Males, 18-45 (m)            
             
GDP ($ bn) 5,423.4   1,187.2 1,499.5    
Defense budget ($ bn) 289.8   42.8 69.1    
Defense budget (% of GDP)     3.6 4.6    
             
Strategic Forces       -    
             
             
ICBMs 1,000   - -    
IRBM/MRBMs -   18 -    
             
Ballistic Missile Submarines 34   4 -    
SLBMs 640   64 -    
             
Bombers 277   12 -    
- Long-range 277   - -    
- Medium-range -   12 -    
- Short-range -   - -    

 

Land Forces
  U.S. U.K. France Germany U.S.S.R. China
Active 731,700   280,300 335,000    
Reserves (1,178,400)   (325,000) (857,000)    
             
Divisions (Reserve) 16 (10)   12 (4) 10    
- Armored 3 (2)   5 6    
- Mechanized 6 (2)   2 2    
- Infantry / Light 5 (6)   2 (4) 1    
- Airborne / Air Assault 1   2 1    
- Special Forces -   1 -    
             
Brigades/Regiments (Reserve) 9 (24)          
- Armored 5 (7)     2    
- Mechanized 1 (8)   1 3    
- Infantry / Light 3 (9)     15    
- Airborne / Air Assault -     -    
- Special Forces -     -    
             
Tanks 15,585   1,349 7,000    
- Third Generation 7,036   - 2,024    
Light Tanks 1,265   143 143    
IFVs 5,524   817 3,254    
APCs 26,480   4,822 10,327    
Artillery 6,215   1,403 4,579    
- Towed 2,323   399 1,486    
- Self-Propelled 3,466   371 1,263    
MRLs 426   11 556    
SSMs 65   40 26    
             
Helicopters 8,659   839 832    
- Attack 1,653   181 146    

 

Air Forces
  U.S. U.K. France Germany U.S.S.R. China
Active 571,400   92,900 103,700    
Reserves (274,000)   (70,000) (124,400)    
             
Squadrons (Reserve)       19    
- Bomber 18   2 -    
- Fighter / Air Defense 4 (9)   11 2    
- FGA / Attack 72 (28)   9 11    
- Recce / Patrol / EW / AEW 17(10)   3 3    
- Tanker / Transport 34 (34)   19 3    
- OCU / Training 32 (8)   4 n.a.    
             
Combat Aircraft 3,813   845 638    
- Fourth Generation 2,307   151 250    
AWACS 21   - -    
Tankers 651   11 -    
Transports (excl. Light) 902   97 84  
- Heavy 365   4 -    
- Medium 537   93 84    

 

Naval Forces
  U.S. U.K. France Germany U.S.S.R. China
Active 584,800   65,300      
Reserves (240,200)   (24,000)      
             
Submarines 86   13      
- Cruise Missile Subs 15          
- Nuclear Attack Subs 71   4      
- Diesel Attack Subs -   9      
             
Main Surface Combatants 207   41      
- Aircraft Carriers 13   2      
- V/STOL Carriers -   -      
- Helicopter Carriers -   -      
- Battleships 2   -      
- Battlecruisers -   -      
- Cruisers 46   1      
- Destroyers 49   4      
- Frigates 97   34      
Minor Surface Combatants 202   47      
             
Amphibious Ships 65   9      
- Assault Ships 38   4      
Landing Craft 86   34      
             
Naval Aviation 120,000   400      
             
             
Squadrons (Reserve)            
- Bomber -   -      
- Fighter / Air Defense 38   1      
- FGA / Attack 59   3      
- Recce / Patrol / EW 80   9      
- Tanker / Transport 17   -      
- OCU / Training 25   5      
             
Bombers            
Combat aircraft 1,765   105      
- Fourth Generation 1,240   -      
Helicopters 515   96      
- Attack / ASW 416   48      
             
Naval Infantry 195,700   > 2,600      
  (86,500)          
             
Divisions 3 (1)   1      
Brigades/Regiments -   12      
             
Tanks 760   n.a.      
APCs 1,323   n.a.      
Artillery 1,110   n.a.      
- Towed 872   n.a.      
- Self-propelled 238   n.a.      

 

Notes:

(1) Chinese defense expenditure does not include pay and allowances as well as R&D costs.

(2) Strategic forces bombers includes nuclear and non-nuclear units.

(3) Land forces helicopters includes all assigned to army and air force units.

(4) Naval air forces include carrier- and land-based units flying under naval command. U.S. includes USN and USMC.

Source: The International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 1985-1986.