Balance of Military Forces, 1985

 

General
  U.S.A. U.K. France Germany U.S.S.R. China
Total Armed Forces 2,151,568 327,100 476,560 478,000 5,300,000 3,900,000
Reserves (1,212,255) (294,449) (393,000) (770,000) (5,400,000) (5,377.000)
             
Population (m) 239.6 56.0 55.2 61.2 276.5 1,055.0
- Males, 18-45 (m) 53.0 11.3 11.5 13.0 56.4 233.6
             
GDP ($ bn) 3,619.2 400.0 492.3 613.2 1,672.0 225.6
Defense budget ($ bn) 250.0 22.0 20.1 20.4 267.5 > 7.8
Defense budget (% of GDP) 6.9 5.5 4.1 3.3 16 > 1.5
             
Strategic Forces n.a. 2,300 18,700 - 300,000 n.a.
  - - - - (940,000)  
             
ICBMs 1,026 - - - 1,398 6
IRBM/MRBMs - - 18 - 543 110
             
Ballistic Missile Submarines 37 4 5 - 77 2
SLBMs 640 64 80 - 979 24
             
Bombers 297 - 22 - 1,120 620
- Long-range 241 - - - 170 -
- Medium-range 56 - 22 - 500 120
- Short-range - - - - 450 500

 

Land Forces
  U.S. U.K. France Germany U.S.S.R. China
Active 780,648 163,000 300,000 335,600 1,995,000 2,973,000
Reserves (728,855) (227,484) (305,000) (645,000) (3,500,000) (5,000,000)
             
Divisions (Reserve) 18 (9) 4 15 (8) 12 199 135 (73)
- Armored 4 (2) 3 6 6 51 13
- Mechanized 6 (2) - 2 4 141 -
- Infantry / Light 4 (5) 1 4 (8) 1 - 118 (73)
- Airborne / Air Assa