Aircraft Color Schemes, U.S. Navy

 

 

Introduction

The US Navy had its own color system until joining the USAAF in the Army and Navy Aircraft (ANA) system introduced in September 28th, 1943. ANA Bulletin No. 157 introduced an initial palette of 19 mostly matt (plus a few semi-gloss) colors. ANA Bulletin No. 166 added a further 15 gloss colors as well. A number of additional colors were later added for a total of 44. By and large US Navy aircraft used different camouflage schemes than the USAAF even when both services performed similar duties like anti-submarine warfare or maritime patrol with the same aircraft.

On March 1st, 1956 the US introduced the Federal Standard system, formally known as FED-STD-595. Each color the palette is identified by a five-digit code. The first digit refers to the sheen of the paint, these being gloss (1), semi-gloss (2), and matt (3). The second digit refers to the color, these being brown (1), red (2), yellow (3), green (4), blue (5), gray (6), all others including whites, blacks, and metallics (7), and flourescents (8). The last three digits are unique for each color and typically go from darker to lighter. The inital palette included 358 colors though strangely enough, some colors only officially exist in one or two out of the three sheens. Previous to the FS system being introduced, the US published Federal Specification TT-C-595 on January 12th, 1950 which superseded the ANA system with a four-digit palette. This was short-lived and as a result, is not referenced in this page.

The Federal Standard system has goine through numerous revisions, starting with FED-STD-595A in January 1968 (437 colors), FED-STD-595B in January 1994 (611 colors), and FED-STD-595C in January 2008 (650 colors). On February 17th, 2017, the Federal Standard system was replaced by the Aerospace Material Specification Standard 595, or AMS-STD-595. It is largely equivalent to the Federal Standard system and most existing colors have been carried over with identical numbers. Given the availablilty of color chips and digital matches with RGB and Hex values, FS and AMS colors can be considered highly accurate though the digital samples below should be taken only as general reference and can vary considerably even with small changes to monitor settings.

Contents:

External Links:

Early War (1940-42)

From 30 December, 1940, standard US Navy camouflage was overall Light Gray M-495. This did not correspond to an ANA number although it is often closely matched to ANA 602 or FS 36440. Later, from 13 October 1941, it was ordered that Blue Gray M-485 was applied to the topside as well as the underside of folded wing sections. M-485 does not correspond with an ANA number either and there is some controversy over its exact shade as well. Note that M-485 faded very heavily in the Pacific sun and had a distinct bleached appearance compared to a freshly painted aircraft. Likewise, M-495 looks almost white in many aircraft. Aircraft with folding wings generally had the underside of the folding part painted in the same color as the topside, though this only applied to aircraft where the underside was exposed after folding. So, for example, early Corsairs used M-485 on the outer part of the lower wings since they folded upwards. However, the backwards-hinging fold of the Wildcat meant that the entire lower wings were left in M-495.

Paint guide: Few paint ranges have precise matches for these two colors, although M-495 is so close to FS 36440 that any equivalent is good enough. M-485 is a trickier color to match as it does not approximate any other color aside from perhaps a lightened Intermediate Blue 35164.Mr Paint and AK Real Color offer matches both of which appear to be accurate, but Vallejo's might be slightly suspect as they are carryovers from other colors. Gunze offers M-485 as part of its Mr Color US Navy paint set but is not available individually.

 

  M-495 M-485
Light Grey Blue Grey
   
Schemes
Basic (1940/41) Overall  
Basic (1941/42) Lower Upper
Color matches
Gunze Aqueous - -
Gunze Mr Color - C367
Humbrol - -
Model Master - -
Revell - -
Tamiya - -
Vallejo Model Air 71.298* 71.109**
Vallejo Model Color - -
AK Interactive - -
AK Real Color RC-255 RC-256
AMMO by Mig - -
Hataka - -
Lifecolor - -
Mission Models - -
Mr Paint MRP-134 MRP-133
Xtracolor - -
Xtracrylix - -

 

Photos:

A flight of F4F Wildcats during 1941 wargames showing the overall M-495 scheme.
A freshly painted F4F Wildcat showing M-485 in its deep, unfaded state.
This excellent wartime photo of a flight of SBD Dauntless dive bombers shows how much M-485 faded in the Pacific sun. Note the overpainted patches for comparison.

Links:

 

Mid War (1943-44)

In 1943, the US Navy switched to a three-tone camo scheme that became standard well into 1944. By this time the ANA color system was also in place. Topside color was Non-spectacular Sea Blue ANA 607 with Intermediate Blue ANA 608 on the sides, while undersides were painted Insignia White ANA 601. It is claimed that the wings and stabilizers may have been Semi-gloss Sea Blue ANA 606. There is some controversy over the difference between ANA 607 and the later Glossy Sea Blue 623. At least one source (see link) has claimed that ANA 607 was matched by manufacturers to a color swatch, whereas ANA 623 had a precise pigment ratio and was slightly darker. Camo patters varied depending on aircraft types. Corsairs and Helldivers were notable for having the topside ANA 607 curve downward to meet the wings, and for having the outer half of the lower wing starting from the wing fold painted in ANA 608. In contrast, Hellcats and Avengers typically had the topisde color straight along the fuselage and had the lower wings all white though there were some exceptions to both styles. Camo patterns in this scheme were applied freehand and often curved around inconsistently.

As with the early war camo, a darker lower wing color (Intermediate Blue) was used in aircraft with folding wings, insofar as this left the lower wing exposed after folding. This was seen in Corsairs but not Hellcats, since the latter retained the backwards-hinge of the Wildcat and thus the entire lower wings were left in Insignia White.

Paint guide: Almost all paint ranges will cover the USN wartime three-tone. Both ANA 607 and ANA 608 match well with their Federal Standard successors, FS 35042 and FS 35164 respectively and as such, are treated as equivalents in the chart below insofar as they are matt (matches to FS 25042/ANA 606 or FS 15042/ANA 623 are in parenthesis). Where there is a seperate ANA 607/623 paint in a particular range, the latter should be slightly darker. Gunze produces a box set of paints in their Mr Color range for USN colors including ANA 607 though it is unclear to me if there is any major difference from their standard range. Note that Gunze's Navy Blue (H54/C14) is their version of ANA 607 which is noticeably lighter than Midnight Blue (H55/C71), which presumably is intended to match ANA 623. Beware of Tamiya Sea Blue XF-17 which has a greenish tint that is incorrect. I have found that Gunze's H56 should also be lightened (a 2:1 ratio with white works well) as it is too dark off the bottle to offer a decent contrast with H56.

  ANA 601 ANA 608 ANA 607
Insignia
White
Intermediate Blue Non-spectacular Sea Blue
     
Schemes
Basic Lower Sides Upper
Color matches
Gunze Aqueous (H316) H56 H54
Gunze Mr Color (C316) C72 / C366 C14
Humbrol (22) 144 (181)
Model Master (1745) 1720* 1718
Revell (301) - -
Tamiya (X-2) XF-18 XF-17 (!)
Vallejo Model Air 71.279* 71.299* 71.295
Vallejo Model Color (70.820) 70.903* 70.898
AK Interactive (AK-2052) AK-2054 AK-2233
AK Real Color (RC-222) RC-235 RC-257
AMMO by Mig (A.MIG-047) A.MIG-228 (A.MIG-227)
Hataka HTK-043* HTK-027 (HTK-006)
Lifecolor (LC 51) UA 045 UA 044
Mission Models (MMP-104) MMP-071 MMP-062
Mr Paint MRP-135 MRP-136 MRP-237
Xtracolor (X141) X125* (X121)
Xtracrylix (XA1141) XA1125* (XA1121)

 

Photos:

This F6F Hellcat shows the three-tone mid-war scheme. In Hellcats, the ANA 607 in the fuselage never extended into the wings.
An SB2C Helldiver shows the scheme with ANA 607 extending into the wings, similar to that on F4Us.
Larger twin-engined aircraft like this PV-1 Ventura usually had just the upper part of the fuselage in ANA 607.

 

Late War (1944-45)

In late 1944, US Navy aircraft in the Pacific switched to Glossy Sea Blue ANA 623 which was a gloss version of ANA 607 which is believed to have been slightly darker although in combat it was highly prone to fading and losing its factory gloss sheen. Its Federal Standard matches is FS 15042 but it is important to note that ANA 623 changed formula in the post-war period (see below) and there is considerable confusion from both modelers and paint companies on which is the correct period shade. Wartime ANA 623 had a greyish tint and could be easily differentiated from the insignia blue of the roundels, even after freshly painted and even more so after fading. From this period on, it was common for Grumman aircraft (most Hellcats and some Avengers) to ignore the blue parts of roundels, painting only the white star and bars. All other manufacturers painted the full roundels.

Paint guide: Many paint brands have different versions of ANA 607 and 623, the latter being invariably darker. Some companies (like AK Real Color and Hataka) describe ANA 623 as Dark Sea Blue and Mr Paint also make a sepearate paint that is slightly darker. Gunze's Midnight Blue (H55/C71) is a very good match for ANA 623 despite the name, but being that it is specifically referenced to as a WW2 USN paint it is clear this was their intended match. Otherwise, their C365 is available in a set. The paint chart below considers ANA 623 as an identical match to FS 15042 insofar as they are gloss.

  ANA 623 (1)
Glossy Sea Blue
 
Schemes
Basic Overall
Color matches
Gunze Aqueous H55
Gunze Mr Color C71 / C365
Humbrol 181
Model Master 1717
Revell -
Tamiya (XF-17)
Vallejo Model Air 71.300
Vallejo Model Color (70.898)
AK Interactive AK-2234
AK Real Color RC-258
AMMO by Mig A.MIG-227
Hataka (HTK-006)
Lifecolor UA 047
Mission Models MMP-065
Mr Paint MRP-14
Xtracolor X121
Xtracrylix XA1121

 

Photos:

Wartime color photos of ANA 623 are surprisingly rare. This TBM Avenger shows a relatively clean airframe but shows how little gloss Glossy Sea Blue actually had in the field.
ANA 623 also faded considerably and was prone to wear as in this F4U Corsair (very late in the war as this was a F4U-4 variant). Note how the Insignia Blue of the roundels is strongly contrasted.
A rare photo of ANA 607 on the Helldiver and ANA 623 on the Hellcat in the background. ANA 623 looks darker but it could just be a fresh paint job compared to the faded Helldiver (the unfaded section of the cowling is nearly identical).

 

ASW Schemes (1942-45)

US Navy aircraft assigned to the Atlantic used a different camo scheme to their Pacific-based counterparts of which there were two variants known as ASW Scheme I and II. Scheme I was for aircraft operating in areas with clear skies and was a three-tone scheme consisting of Dark Gull Gray ANA 621 as a topside color over Light Gull Grey ANA 620 sides and an underside color of Insignia White ANA 601. The topside color typically curved downward to meet the wings like in three-tone Pacific Corsairs. Scheme II was for aircraft operating in areas of overcast, cloudy skies and was a two-tone scheme of ANA 621 over ANA 601, the latter which replaced the areas painted in ANA 620 in Scheme I. Given that most combat in the Atlantic occurred at northern lattitudes, Scheme II was by far the most common of the two and should be considered the default scheme unless evidence points to the contrary.

Paint guide: Specific ANA 620/621 paints are hard to come by but fortunately, they match very well with the post-war FS 36440 and FS 36231 respectively which are almost universally avilable. As such, they are treated as equivalents in the chart insofar as they are labelled with their ANA number as well. Gunze is the only manufacturer that makes a specific wartime LGG (H51/C11) and DGG (the inaptly named 'Aircraft Gray' H57/C73) but a few others like Vallejo and Hataka reference both ANA and FS numbers.

  ANA 601 ANA 620 ANA 621
Insignia
White
Light Gull Gray Dark Gull
Gray
     
Schemes
ASW Scheme I Lower Sides Upper
ASW Scheme II Lower / Sides   Upper
Color matches
Gunze Aqueous (H316) H51 H57
Gunze Mr Color (C316) C11 C73
Humbrol (22) (129) (140)
Model Master (1745) (1730) (1740)
Revell (301) - -
Tamiya (X-2) (XF-19) (XF-54)
Vallejo Model Air 71.279* 71.121 71.277
Vallejo Model Color (70.820) 70.986* (70.991)
AK Interactive (AK-2052) (AK-2051) -
AK Real Color (RC-222) (RC-220) (RC-247)
AMMO by Mig (A.MIG-047) (A.MIG-241) (A.MIG-205)
Hataka HTK-043* HTK-048 HTK-044
Lifecolor (LC 51) (UA 025) (UA 033)
Mission Models (MMP-104) (MMP-063) (MMP-064)
Mr Paint MRP-135 (MRP-98) (MRP-100)
Xtracolor (X141) (X137) (X131)
Xtracrylix (XA1141) (XA1137) (XA1131)

 

Links:

 

Photos:

A flight of SBD Dauntlesses over the Atlantic wearing the more popular ASW Scheme II.
Atlantic-based Liberators (known as PB4Y in USN service) also wore the ASW scheme.
A slight variation of the ASW scheme was the use of a wave demarcation similar to the Sea Search scheme used by the USAAF's ASW units.

 

Post-war / Korean War (1947-1950s)

US Navy aircraft continued using Glossy Sea Blue ANA 623 throughout the immediate post-war era but around 1947/48 the exact shade of GSB was altered, resulting a brighter blue tone that did not fade away as easy as its wartime counterpart. This new tone does not match FS 15042, or any other Federal Standard color for that matter, and was much closer to the insignia blue of the roundels though not identical. It nevertheless resulted in most aircraft during this period to not paint the blue sectiosn of the roundel altogether, a practice that Grumman introduced during World War II. Although Korean War aircraft were no less prone to get dirtied up (particularly since many were land-based), most color photos conclusively show very minimal fading of the paint.

Paint guide: Most modelling paints attempt to match FS 15042 which would be accurate for a wartime shade but not for the postwar version. No paint company currently makes a postwar-specific ANA 623. Mr Paint's version of GSB as well as Xtracolor/Xtracrylix 121 appear closer to the post-war version. A mix between FS 15042 and the noticeably brighter Insignia Blue FS 15044 might be a solution.

 

  ANA 623 (2)
Glossy Sea Blue
 
Schemes
Basic Overall
Color matches
Gunze Aqueous H55
Gunze Mr Color C71 / C365
Humbrol 181
Model Master 1717
Revell -
Tamiya (XF-17)
Vallejo Model Air 71.300
Vallejo Model Color (70.898)
AK Interactive AK-2234
AK Real Color RC-258
AMMO by Mig A.MIG-227
Hataka (HTK-006)
Lifecolor UA 047
Mission Models MMP-065
Mr Paint MRP-14
Xtracolor X121
Xtracrylix XA1121

 

Photos:

Compared to wartime ANA 623, the post-war version did not fade as much and maintained more of its gloss sheen, as can be seen in this war weary Korean War Corsair.
A very good photo of an AD-1Q Skyraider showing the clearly brighter post-war ANA 623. By this time the roundel blue was not painted.

 

Cold War / Vietnam War (1950s-1980s)

By the late 1950s, the US Navy adopted a much lighter two-tone grey camo that would be one of the longest lasting schemes ever used by any air service. Topsides were painted Light Gull Grey FS 16440 which is a darker and slightly warmer hue than the wartime ANA 620. Undersides, as well as all moveable surfaces like flaps,were painted Insignia White FS 17875. Note that FS 26440 is a color that varies considerably depending on the lighting source. In many cases, it looks like a neutral light grey but can also appear warmer with a slight creamish tint to it. Briefly From the mid-1980s, F-14s used FS 36440 overall before Light Gull Gray was essentially retired. Early A-6s and F-14s would also typically have their radomes (in the F-14's case, usually just the tip) painted Radome Tan FS 33613.

Paint guide: Post-war Light Gull Gray is one of the most popular colors and is available in every paint range, except (surprise) Tamiya. Note that Gunze produces two versions, H314 is a gloss FS 16440 while H325 is a semi-gloss FS 26440 but the former has a warmer hue; the latter is more accurate despite being matched as a JGSDF rather than USN color. Any off-white matches well with Insignia White and due to scale effect, any normal white is good.

 

  FS 17875 FS 16440 FS 33613
Insignia
White
Light Gull Gray Radome Tan
     
Schemes
Basic Lower / Flaps Upper  
Basic (A-6 / F-14) Lower / Flaps Upper (Radome)
Basic (F-14 80s)   Overall (Radome)
Color matches
Gunze Aqueous H316 H325 H313
Gunze Mr Color C316 C325 C313
Humbrol (22) 129 148
Model Master 1745 1730 1709
Revell (301) - -
Tamiya (X-2) (X-20) -
Vallejo Model Air 71.279* 71.121* 71.074*
Vallejo Model Color (70.820) 70.986* -
AK Interactive AK-2052 AK-2051 AK-2053
AK Real Color RC-222 RC-220 RC-227
AMMO by Mig (A.MIG-047) A.MIG-241 -
Hataka HTK-043 HTK-048* -
Lifecolor (LC 51) UA 025 -
Mission Models MMP-104 MMP-063 MMP-070
Mr Paint MRP-99 MRP-98 -
Xtracolor X141 X137 X107
Xtracrylix XA1141 XA1137 -

Links:

 

Photos:

This A-7 Corsair II shows the classic USN Cold War two-tone at its best.
Although the fuselage colors were the same, radomes often varied in color as this pair of F-4J Phantoms show.
The gorgeous F-14s of the 'Wolfpack' (VF-1) show the FS 33613 radomes that were common on early Tomcats and some early A-6s.
In the first half of the 1980s, most F-14s switched to an overall Light Gull Gray camo as seen on this crowded carrier deck.

 

Patrol schemes (1961-Current)

US Navy patrol aircraft wore overall Gloss Sea Blue FS 15042 until 1961 when they began being painted with Insignia White FS 17875 in their upper fuselage. Later, GSB was replaced with Light Gull Gray FS 16440 resulting in a similar civilian-looking hi-viz scheme to that was used on contemporary USAF tankers and transports; or from another perspective, an inverse version of the existing USN tactical scheme. Unlike the USAF schemes, there was no blue demarcation line. This scheme lasted until the 1980s where, along with tactical aircraft, patrol aircraft adopted a simpler low-viz scheme of overall FS 16440 which has been in use up until today.

Paint Guide: By the 1960s the Federal Standard system was in place and as a result, Gloss Sea Blue was matched to its FS reference rather than the brighter hue used from 1947/48 to the late 1950s.

 

  FS 17875 FS 16440 FS 15042
Insignia
White
Light Gull Gray Gloss Sea Blue
     
Schemes
Hi-Viz (Early) Upper   Lower
Hi-Viz (Later) Upper Lower  
Lo-Viz   Lower  
Color matches
Gunze Aqueous H316 H325 (H54)
Gunze Mr Color C316 C325 C365
Humbrol (22) 129 181
Model Master 1745 1730 1717
Revell (301) - -
Tamiya (X-2) (X-20) (XF-17)
Vallejo Model Air 71.279* 71.121* 71.300
Vallejo Model Color (70.820) 70.986* (70.898)
AK Interactive AK-2052 AK-2051 AK-2234
AK Real Color RC-222 RC-220 RC-258
AMMO by Mig (A.MIG-047) A.MIG-241 A.MIG-227
Hataka HTK-043 HTK-048* (HTK-006)
Lifecolor (LC 51) UA 025 UA 047
Mission Models MMP-104 MMP-063 MMP-065
Mr Paint MRP-99 MRP-98 MRP-14
Xtracolor X141 X137 X121
Xtracrylix XA1141 XA1137 XA1121

 

Photos:

An early P-3 Orion shows the IW/GSB scheme that became the standard (albeit short-lived) scheme of patrol aircraft from the 1960s. Radomes were painted black.
Although older than the P-3, this P-2 Neptune still in service at the time shows the transition to the IW/LGG, with black anti-glare panels.
Since the 1980s, patrol aircraft have worn an overall FS 16440 scheme like this P-8 Poseidon.

 

Modern schemes (1980s-Current)

The USN began adopting 'lo-viz' schemes beginning the in the 1980s of which the most popular was Dark Ghost Gray FS 36320 over Light Ghost Gray FS 36375. Almost USN aircraft eventually adopted this scheme though many aircraft had unique schemes during the 1980s and 1990s that departed somewhat from the basic scheme, notably the F-14 And A-7 which briefly adopted a so-called Tactical Paint Scheme. These are described as follows.

 

  FS 36495 FS 36375 FS 36320 FS 35237 FS 33613
Light Gray Light Ghost Gray Dark Ghost Gray Gray Blue Radome Tan
         
Scheme
Basic Lo-Viz   Lower Upper    
TPS A-7E (1) Lower     Upper  
TPS A-7E (2)       Overall  
TPS F-14   Lower Sides Upper  
F/A-18 (Early) Lower Upper

  Upper Nose

(Radome)
Color matches
Gunze Aqueous H338 H308 (!) H307 H337 H313
Gunze Mr Color C338 C308 (!) C307 C337 C313
Humbrol 147 127 128 145 148
Model Master 1732 1728 1741 1721 1709
Revell - - - - -
Tamiya - - - - -
Vallejo Model Air 71.276 - 71.120 71.114 71.074**
Vallejo Model Color - 70.615 - 70.905 -
AK Interactive - AK-2057 AK-2058 AK-2056 AK-2053
AK Real Color RC-253 RC-252 RC-251 RC-237 RC-227
AMMO by Mig A.MIG-209 A.MIG-203 A.MIG-208 A.MIG-210** -
Hataka HTK-050 HTK-037 HTK-035 HTK-046 -
Lifecolor UA 023 UA 026 UA 027 UA 145** -
Mission Models MMP-116 MMP-073 MMP-074 MMP-072 MMP-070
Mr Paint MRP-364 MRP-38 MRP-97 MRP-105 -
Xtracolor X139 X136 X135 X126 X107
Xtracrylix XA1139 XA1136 XA1135 XA1126 -

Links:

 

Photos:

A pair of early F/A-18As from the 1986 Libya strikes. Unfortunately as with most carrier aircraft in lo-viz schemes, none of the three colors are particularly distinguishable.
In contrast, this freshly painted F/A-18E does show the demarcation lines between Light and Dark Ghost Gray in the nose and the rear fuselage.
A nice comparison between an F-14 in overall Light Gull Gray behind one in a still somewhat patchy TPS scheme.
These F-14s in TPS show the FS 35237 demarcation line quite well.
An A-7E in FS 35237 over FS 36495. Others were painted overall FS 35237 but most simply had the basic lo-viz Ghost Gray scheme.

 

Interiors

The US Navy, broadly speaking, used similar interior colors to the USAAF (link) but there were some exceptions to the rule. The standard primer used on US Navy aircraft was Yellow Zinc Chromate but Vought notably used its own Salmon primer on all F4U-1s and some early F4U-1As. Cockpits, like the USAAF, were standardized with Green Zinc Chromate and later Interior Green 611 but this depended on manufacturers. Grumman was known to have used Bronze Green on aircraft up until the F6F Hellcat was put into production, as well as on the TBF Avenger's crew compartment (the remainder of the interior including the bomb bays being GZC/ANA 611); this was later switched to Dull Dark Green. Eastern-built TBMs were all in GZC/ANA 611. Some very early wartime aircraft also probably carried Aluminum lacquer interiors that had been carried over from the pre-war era. Lastly, the main difference with the USAAF was the tendency of US Navy aircraft to paint wheel wells and covers the same color as the undersides, rather than YZC/ANA 611, although this practice was not universal on all aircraft. Also, the interior of cowlings could be black or the fuselage cover. Finally, the interior color of dive brakes of aircraft like the SDB Dauntless and SB2C Helldiver was Insignia Red ANA 619.

Late in the war, there was a trend of many F4U Corsairs to have the walls of the cockpit painted black up to the level of the bottom of the instrument panel. Like the USAF (link), it was common for most aircraft throughout the Korean War to be mostly black with some sections possible in ANA 611. From November 1953, all USN aircraft like those of the USAF had their cockpits painted Dark Gull Gray FS 36231. With the abandonment of the Glossy Sea Blue scheme in the late 1950s, exposed interiors were Insignia White FS 17875. Unlike the USAF, many USN aircraft tended to paint the edges of their wheel covers and other fuselage covers and doors Insignia Red FS 31136. Following wartime tradition, Insignia Red was also used for the interiors of movable surfaces like flaps, slats, and air brakes. This was also not a practice used by the USAF except the F-111 which may have been a leftover from its naval origins. The practice of painting edges Insignia Red has now been largely abandoned in the F-35.

Paint guide: See the USAAF and USAF pages for comments on the basic interior colors that are common to all services. Specific Salmon primer colors are only available by Mr Paint although most 'Salmon Pink' paints should be close enough, as well as any paints that match FS 32276 or FS 32356. In any case, this was not a color that appeared externally as most F4U wheel wells were painted in the underside color. For more modern aircraft, Insignia Red is very well represented in most paint ranges and in any case, a basic red should be good enough.

 

    ANA 619
  FS 31136
Salmon Primer Insignia Red
   
Schemes
F4U (Early) Interiors  
World War II   Dive brakes
Cold War / Modern   Cover edges / Moveable interiors
Color matches
Gunze Aqueous (H29) H327
Gunze Mr Color - C327
Humbrol - 153
Model Master - 1705
Revell - -
Tamiya - (XF-7)
Vallejo Model Air - (71.102)
Vallejo Model Color (70.835) 70.957*
AK Interactive - (AK-740)
AK Real Color - (RC-006)
AMMO by Mig - (A.MIG-049)
Hataka - HTK-219*
Lifecolor - LC 56
Mission Models (MMS-005) MMP-101
Mr Paint MRP-130 MRP-299*
Xtracolor - X103
Xtracrylix - XA1103

 

Links:

 

Photos:

Vought's unique Salmon primer was used on early F4U Corsairs but later discontinued in favor of the official Zinc Chromate.
Although this is a museum aircraft, this SBD Dauntless shows the Insignia Red dive brakes interiors.
Unlike the USAF, USN jets like this A-6 Intruder typically had the edges of wheel covers painted in Insignia Red.
Insignia Red has also been used for the interiors of moveable parts like flaps, slats, and air brakes like this F-14 Tomcat.

 

Paint Charts

ANA Bulletin No. 157

  FED-STD No. 41
  ANA 601 Insignia White FS 37875 No. 46
  ANA 602 Light Gray (FS 36440)  
  ANA 603 Sea Gray FS 36118 No. 43 (!)
  ANA 604 Black FS 37038 No. 44
  ANA 605 Insignia Blue FS 35044 No. 47
  ANA 606 Semi-gloss Sea Blue FS 25042  
  ANA 607 Non-spectacular Sea Blue FS 35042  
  ANA 608 Intermediate Blue FS 35164  
  ANA 609 Azure Blue FS 35231  
  ANA 610 Sky FS 34424  
  ANA 611 Interior Green FS 34151  
  ANA 612 Medium Green FS 34092 No. 42
  ANA 613 Olive Drab FS 33070 (!) No. 41 (!)
  ANA 614 Orange Yellow FS 33538 No. 48
  ANA 615 Middle Stone FS 30266  
  ANA 616 Sand FS 30279 No. 49
  ANA 617 Dark Earth FS 30118  
  ANA 618 Dull Red FS 30109  
  ANA 619 Insignia Red FS 31136 No. 45
  ANA 620 Light Gull Gray FS 36440  
  ANA 621 Dark Gull Gray FS 36231  
  ANA 622 Jet FS 17038  
  ANA 623 Sea Blue FS 15042  
  ANA 625 Sea Plane Gray FS 26081  
  ANA 626 Semi-gloss White FS 27875  
  ANA 627 Field Green FS 34097  
  ANA 628 Sierra Tan FS 30219  
  ANA 631 Forest Green FS 34079  

ANA Bulletin No. 166

  FED-STD No. 41
  ANA 501 Light Blue FS 15102  
  ANA 502 Insignia Blue FS 15044  
  ANA 503 Light Green FS 14187  
  ANA 504 Olive Drab (FS 24165)  
  ANA 505 Light Yellow FS 13655  
  ANA 506 Orange Yellow FS 13538  
  ANA 507 Aircraft Cream FS 13594  
  ANA 508 International Orange FS 12197  
  ANA 509 Insignia Red FS 11136  
  ANA 510 Maroon FS 10049  
  ANA 511 Insignia White FS 17875  
  ANA 512 Aircraft Gray FS 16473  
  ANA 513 Engine Gray FS 16081  
  ANA 514 Instrument Black FS 27038  
  ANA 515 Gloss Black FS 17038  
  ANA 516 Strata Blue FS 15045  

Federal Standard FED-STD-595B

  TT-C-595 ANA
  FS 12197 International Orange ID marks 1205 ANA 506
  FS 13538 Insignia Yellow ID marks 1310/1315 ANA 508
  FS 16440 Light Gull Gray Camo (Cold War) 3635 ANA 620
  FS 17875 Insignia White Camo (Cold War), Interiors 3635 ANA 620
  FS 15042 Gloss Sea Blue Camo (Post-war, Patrol) - ANA 623
  FS 30279 Desert Sand Camo (Gulf War) - -
  FS 30117 Earth Red Camo (Gulf War) - -
  FS 30219 Dark Tan Camo (Gulf War) - -
  FS 31136 Insignia Red Interiors    
  FS 33613 Radome Tan Radomes    
  FS 34151 Interior Green Interiors (pre-1953) 3430 ANA 611
  FS 35237 Gray Blue Camo (TPS) - -
  FS 36231 Dark Gull Gray Cockpits (post-1953) 3615 ANA 621
  FS 36320 Dark Ghost Gray Camo (Lo-Viz, TPS) - -
  FS 36375 Light Ghost Gray Camo (Lo-Viz, TPS) - -
  FS 36495 Light Gray Camo (AV-8 Gulf War) - -
  FS 37038 Black Basic 3725 ANA 604

 

 

Last modified: 10 June 2019